My HP laptop often freezes and locks up.

Freezes

The dreaded “blue screen of death” is something that almost everyone who has ever used a computer has encountered at some point. But regrettably, it’s not the only thing that might cause a computer to lock up on you. This may happen for a variety of reasons, and there are also a variety of solutions to these problems, which can vary from being a slight annoyance to being a persistent source of aggravation. Both of these things can be resolved in a number of different ways.

We are going to take a deep dive into the process of unfreezing your computer, covering every aspect of the process, from the software to the hardware.

What causes computers to get frozen?

The freezing of a computer may be caused by a wide variety of factors that cause the computer to freeze.

Instructions for thawing out your frozen PC

When you are trying to figure out why your laptop is freezing up, you should begin by trying the options that seem the most obvious. It’s possible that all you need to do is power up your router, mouse, or keyboard on occasion. Or maybe a straightforward hard reset is all that is required to solve the problem.

In the event that these immediate options are unsuccessful, there are a number of other potential solutions that may be tried before diving into the possibility of software or hardware problems.

However, the majority of the time, this occurs because the machine is being overworked in some way.

When you think of a computer that has “frozen,” you probably mean that it is unresponsive to your actions in general, such as typing, changing the cursor, and other similar activities. This does not, however, imply that anything is damaged or broken in any way. Instead, it’s probable that the CPU became overworked, and in order to protect the system, it decided to temporarily shut down.

There really are, of course, a variety of additional reasons why a computer could get frozen. It might have anything to do with:

Components that are becoming too hot

  • An issue with the software
  • Corruption among drivers
  • A computer virus

Even while you may not instantly know “why” your computer is freezing, there are a variety of techniques to troubleshoot and identify the issue so that it can be resolved and the freezing will no longer occur.

1. Kill applications in Task Manager

The freezing of a computer is almost always caused by software that has been corrupted for some reason. You will be relieved to know that the Task Manager in Windows 10 makes it simple to terminate running processes.

  1. To open the Task Manager, press the Control, Alt, and Delete keys simultaneously.
  2. You will be able to see what applications and processes are operating in the background.
  3. Take note of how much memory and CPU each is using.
  4. If both numbers are collectively close to or over 100 percent, you need to use the “End Task” button on a handful of the apps in order to free up some space on your computer.
  5. This one will free up memory locations and reduce the amount of processing that is being done, which may address the problem with your computer freezing.
  6. Alternately, if only one of your programs freezes up, you may manually exit that application by using the “End Task” button on your keyboard, which will also unfreeze your computer.

2. Check the add-ons for your browser.

There are occasions when browser extensions do not perform as intended, which might result in issues with either your computer or browser. If you have a large number of tabs open in Google Chrome or use an excessive number of extensions, it may use a lot of your system’s resources. If you recognize this situation, there’s a good likelihood that the problem is with your web browser rather than your physical computer.

  1. In that case, you should try turning off all of your plugins to see whether or not it resolves the issue.
  2. If that’s the case, you’ll need to activate each browser extension one at a time until you find the one responsible for the problem.
  3. When you have found the extension that is causing the problem, uninstall it to avoid the aggravation of having your computer repeatedly locked up.

There are several software options available to unfreeze your PC.

In the event that none of the aforementioned remedies are successful, it’s possible that the issue is inside the program. You are in luck since there are a few different approaches you may take to attempt to resolve this problem. Some of them include making use of the System Restore function, reinstalling any more recent drivers, and doing an antivirus and malware check on your machine.

1. Activate the System Restore function. 

Windows 10 has a great tool called System Restore, although it is used just a little bit of the time. System Restore captures an image of your computer at the moment and saves it so that you may “restore” it to an earlier point in time at a later point in time. Additionally, brand new points are generated whenever it recognizes a change in the system. This is of great assistance in the event that the installation of a software upgrade or driver update fails, or in the event that a problematic program is installed and you wish to uninstall it entirely.

In order to take advantage of the System Restore function, you will need to manually activate it. How to do it:

  1. Launch the Windows Start menu.
  2. To access the System Properties page, do a search for “Create a restore point,” and then click on the first result that appears.
  3. Choose your hard disc from the drop-down menu in the “Protection Settings” section.
  4. To configure the settings, click the button.
  5. Make sure that the System Protection option is selected.
  6. Simply hit the “Apply” button.

After you have activated the option, you will have the ability to load a factory reset at any time. Consider this process to be similar to loading a prior save file in a video game. You always have the option of loading a prior save file in the event that you make a mistake that causes your computer to become unresponsive.

2. Restore recent drivers’

In the event that using System Restore does not resolve your issues, you might consider reinstalling the latest drivers. When drivers are not kept up to date in the right manner, they may sometimes create difficulties, including the crash of the system.

You have the option of reinstalling the software in one of two different ways in order to avoid this from happening. Both of these processes may be seen in the System Preferences.

  1. You may access Device Manager by clicking the Start menu or the taskbar.
  2. Right-click on the drivers, then pick the “Search continuously for updated driver software” option from the context menu that appears.

You are now able to update your driver software (if it needs it).

In the event that the aforementioned solutions are unsuccessful, you may manually remove and restore the drivers instead. This will fix any problems that might have arisen as a result of the most recent driver installation.

  1. Open Device Manager.
  2. Select “Uninstall” from the context menu after right-clicking on the program in question.
  3. Simply restarting your computer will trigger Windows to do an automated reinstallation of the driver.

You are now able to establish whether or not a defective driver installation was the cause of your PC freezing up in the first place.

3. Run a scan to look for malicious software. 

Among the most harmful aspects of having a personal computer is being exposed to malware. There are a lot of people who use PCs who aren’t aware that they have malware on their computer, and that virus may, over time, cause their device to freeze up and cause other problems.

Installing malware scanning and being careful to remove anything malicious that it identifies is the best way to check for this issue. In addition, make sure that Windows Firewall is running at all times so that you do not download anything to your computer that might be hazardous inadvertently.

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Fixes for your computer’s hardware that will unfreeze it

Even though problems with the software on your computer are by far the most prevalent reason for it freezing up, the hardware might also be at fault. Also, don’t jump to the conclusion that you have to make modifications or improvements right away since there are actions you may take right now. Among them include verifying your random access memory (RAM), ensuring that none of your components are overheated, and inspecting your hard drive.

1. Check the contents of your hard disc.

To determine whether or not your hard drive is the offender:

  1. Go to the “My PC” section.
  2. To access the Properties tab, right-click on the item first.
  3. Navigate to the tab labeled Tools.
  4. Conduct a scan using the “Check for errors” option.

If there are any issues found on your hard drive, your personal computer will make an effort to correct them manually. On the other hand, this might suggest that you’ll need to update the hard disk in the near future.

2. Check to see that none of your components are overheated.

It is fairly common for a computer to crash or freeze because it has become overheated. It is possible that this is a secondary worry, even though it’s not the main cause. Additionally, you should never allow your equipment to get too hot since doing so might reduce the lifespan of those components. There are various programs made available by third parties that you may use to measure the temperature of your equipment, and there are actions that you can take to avoid having this problem occur.

1. First, you need to clean the inside of your computer case of any dirt or debris. This ensures that the computer receives enough air, which in turn ensures that the cooling fans operate well.

2. It is important to remember that the components of a computer might overheat if they are not replaced at regular intervals, often after a few years or so. This is especially true for higher-end computers that have more intensive processing capabilities.

3. Verify your RAM

Examining your RAM is another thing you can do to keep your computer from becoming unusable for any reason. It’s possible that the problem is not just with your computer freezing, but also with the way it boots up. In the event that you’ll need to replace all of your RAM.

To check your RAM, please:

  1. From the menu that appears when you press the Start button, choose the Memory Diagnostic Tool for Windows.
  2. The application will automatically restart your computer and conduct a series of tests to check for any problems that may be occurring with your RAM.

When all of the tests have been completed, your computer will restart and then show the findings.

When you look things over, you could discover that your computer’s older components prevent it from supporting the RAM speeds you are now using. In such a scenario, you will probably want to either change the RAM or decrease the speed of your RAM to a lower value on the screen where you configure the BIOS settings. 

On Windows computers, to access the BIOS:

  1. To access the BIOS, press the key that your manufacturer has designated for you to use, which might be F2, F10, F3, F1, or DEL.
  2. Once you have entered the BIOS, you will have the option to either manually modify the speed of your RAM to a lower level or activate the XMP feature, which will provide you with the speed that is suggested for your RAM.

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Summary

There are a lot of different things that might cause your computer to freeze. Before you start thinking about expensive improvements, you should first evaluate the possibility that the issue might be solved by doing some simple Troubleshooting on the various alternatives available to ensure that you have eliminated all of the likely reasons.

Although the aforementioned solutions address a broad variety of problems, there are some circumstances in which it would be beneficial to have a professional work on your personal computer. If you are unable or unwilling to troubleshoot the problem with the hardware or software, it is possible that a professional would be best suited for the task.

If you follow these straightforward instructions, however, you ought to be able to prevent your computer from stopping in the overwhelming majority of instances.

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